Devices Check Drive Health and SMART Status in Windows 11


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Disk_Management_banner.png

This tutorial will show you how to check the current health, SMART status, temperature, and estimated remaining life of drives in Windows 11.

S.M.A.R.T. (Self-Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology; often written as SMART) is a monitoring system included in computer hard disk drives (HDDs), solid-state drives (SSDs), and eMMC drives. Its primary function is to detect and report various indicators of drive reliability with the intent of anticipating imminent hardware failures.

Reference:


Contents

  • Option One: Check Health and SMART Status of NVMe SSD Drives in Settings
  • Option Two: Check Health and SMART Status of Drives using Command
  • Option Three: Check Health and SMART Status of Drives in Command Prompt at Boot


EXAMPLE: Drive failure notification

drive_failure_notification.png





Option One

Check Health and SMART Status of NVMe SSD Drives in Settings


Windows only monitors NVMe SSD and not SATA SSD or hard disk drives (HDD).


1 Open Settings (Win+I).

2 Click/tap on System on the left side, and click/tap on Storage on the right side. (see screenshot below)


drive_health_Settings-1.png

3 Click/tap on Advanced storage settings to expand it open, and click/tap on Disks & volumes. (see screenshot below)

drive_health_Settings-2.png

4 Click/tap on Properties for a "Disk" you want to see the "Drive health" for. see screenshot below)

You will see a quick status (ex: "Healthy") under each NVMe SSD listed.


drive_health_Settings-3.png

5 You will now see the current Drive health status of the NVMe SSD. (see screenshots below)

There are three types of critical warnings:

Warning​
Description​
Spare capacity is lowSpare storage capacity is below the manufacturer's safety threshold.
Reliability is degradedReliability is degraded because of significant media-related errors or an internal error to the NVM subsystem.
Drive is set to read-onlyData stored on the device can still be accessed but you can’t write to it.

There are also three disk health attributes you can watch that affect disk performance:

Attribute​
Description​
Estimated remaining lifeThe approximate percentage used, which is based on the manufacturer’s prediction of drive life. Note that although the value is capped at 0%, a value below that is possible as consumption does not automatically mean device failure.
Available spareA normalized percentage (0% to 100%) of the remaining spare capacity available.
TemperatureTemperature of the overall device in degrees Celsius.

drive_health_Settings-4.png
drive_health_Settings-5.png





Option Two

Check Health and SMART Status of Drives using Command


1 Open Windows Terminal, and select either Windows PowerShell or Command Prompt.

2 Copy and paste the command below into Windows Terminal, and press Enter. (see screenshot below)

wmic diskdrive get model,name,serialnumber,status

If the Status of a drive shows as OK, then no issues were found with the drive.

If the Status of a drive shows as Bad or Caution, then the drive has an imminent hardware failure.

If the Status of a drive shows as Unknown, then the drive may have an imminent hardware failure, or is having problems querying the status from the firmware of the drive.


drive_SMART_status_command.png





Option Three

Check Health and SMART Status of Drives in Command Prompt at Boot


1 Open a command prompt at boot.

2 Type the command below into the command prompt at boot, and press Enter. (see screenshot below)

wmic diskdrive get model,name,serialnumber,status

If the Status of a drive shows as OK, then no issues were found with the drive.

If the Status of a drive shows as Bad or Caution, then the drive has an imminent hardware failure.

If the Status of a drive shows as Unknown, then the drive may have an imminent hardware failure, or is having problems querying the status from the firmware of the drive.


drive_SMART_status_command_prompt_at_boot-1.png

3 When finished, close the command prompt at boot.

4 Click/tap on Continue to exit and continue to Windows 11. (see screenshot below)

drive_SMART_status_command_prompt_at_boot-2.png


That's it,
Shawn Brink


 

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Last edited:
Hello @Brink,

I don't have that (Drive Health). I always check my Disk with DiskInfo (CrystalDisk). Is there something wrong? I will be happy if I don't use that app anymore (a third-party app to check Disk health).

ss.png
 

My Computer

System One

  • OS
    Win 11 Enterprise
    Computer type
    Laptop
    CPU
    i7
    Hard Drives
    SSD
Hello @Brink,

I don't have that (Drive Health). I always check my Disk with DiskInfo (CrystalDisk). Is there something wrong? I will be happy if I don't use that app anymore (a third-party app to check Disk health).

Hello mate, :-)

Unfortunately, Settings will only show the status of a NVMe SSD, and not a normal SSD.

You should be able to see the status using another option though.
 

My Computers

System One System Two

  • OS
    Windows 11 Pro for Workstations
    Computer type
    PC/Desktop
    Manufacturer/Model
    Custom self build
    CPU
    Intel i7-8700K 5 GHz
    Motherboard
    ASUS ROG Maximus XI Formula Z390
    Memory
    64 GB (4x16GB) G.SKILL TridentZ RGB DDR4 3600 MHz (F4-3600C18D-32GTZR)
    Graphics Card(s)
    ASUS ROG-STRIX-GTX1080TI-O11G-GAMING (11GB GDDR5X)
    Sound Card
    Integrated Digital Audio (S/PDIF)
    Monitor(s) Displays
    2 x Samsung Odyssey G75 27"
    Screen Resolution
    2560x1440
    Hard Drives
    1TB Samsung 990 PRO M.2,
    4TB Samsung 990 PRO M.2,
    8TB WD MyCloudEX2Ultra NAS
    PSU
    Seasonic Prime Titanium 850W
    Case
    Thermaltake Core P3 wall mounted
    Cooling
    Corsair Hydro H115i
    Keyboard
    Logitech wireless K800
    Mouse
    Logitech MX Master 3
    Internet Speed
    1 Gbps Download and 35 Mbps Upload
    Browser
    Google Chrome
    Antivirus
    Microsoft Defender and Malwarebytes Premium
    Other Info
    Logitech Z625 speaker system,
    Logitech BRIO 4K Pro webcam,
    HP Color LaserJet Pro MFP M477fdn,
    APC SMART-UPS RT 1000 XL - SURT1000XLI,
    Galaxy S23 Plus phone
  • Operating System
    Windows 11 Pro
    Computer type
    Laptop
    Manufacturer/Model
    HP Spectre x360 2in1 14-eu0098nr (2024)
    CPU
    Intel Core Ultra 7 155H 4.8 GHz
    Memory
    16 GB LPDDR5x-7467 MHz
    Graphics card(s)
    Integrated Intel Arc
    Sound Card
    Poly Studio
    Monitor(s) Displays
    14" 2.8K OLED multitouch
    Screen Resolution
    2880 x 1800
    Hard Drives
    2 TB PCIe NVMe M.2 SSD
    Internet Speed
    Intel Wi-Fi 7 BE200 (2x2) and Bluetooth 5.4
    Browser
    Chrome and Edge
    Antivirus
    Windows Defender and Malwarebytes Premium
Many thanks. :thumbsup:
 

My Computer

System One

  • OS
    Win 11 Enterprise
    Computer type
    Laptop
    CPU
    i7
    Hard Drives
    SSD

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