Windows on the go usb


user1010

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Tried follow this guide: How to Create Windows To Go (WTG) Drive Manually

This didn't work for creating the efi partition - set id=c12a7328-f81f-11d2-ba4b-00a0c93ec93b. I used create partition efi size=256.

When trying to assign a drive letter to the efi partition or format to fat32 I got:

Virtual Disk Service error:
The operation is not supported on removable media.

...so I'm not able to create: S:\Efi\Microsoft\Boot and S:\Efi\Boot\.

Anyone created a "Windows on the go" USB and know how to do?
 

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Those are for Win10. Try these instructions.

 

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    Edition Windows 10 Home
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    HP Mini 210-1090NR PC (bought in late 2009!)
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When trying to assign a drive letter to the efi partition or format to fat32 I got:

Virtual Disk Service error:
The operation is not supported on removable media.
A problem with FAT32 is it can only create and format drives/partitions at sizes up to 32GB, anything larger needs NTFS or exFAT. I have a 500GB HDD on the shelf formatted as FAT32 but done in Linux using the added GPARTED program. There was an article recently on MSN News widget about how the FAT32 programming thing hasn't been changed in Windows for a few/several decades.
Don't know why this link is not in English but it works.
.bing.com/news/search?q=Windows+Format+Dialog&eventans=1&eventland=0&eventrel=1&qpvt=Windows+format+dialog&FORM=EW
 

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    Win11 Pro RTM
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    Dell Vostro 3400
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    Intel Core i5 11th Gen. 2.40GHz
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    Windows 11 Pro RTM x64
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    Dell Vostro 5890
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    Intel Core i5 10th Gen. 2.90GHz
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A problem with FAT32 is it can only create and format drives/partitions at sizes up to 32GB, anything larger needs NTFS or exFAT.
Another utility that can format larger partitions as Fat32 is the commonplace MiniToolPartitionWizard.
Windows is quite happy to work with larger Fat32 partitions, it just cannot format them itself.


Denis
 

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A problem with FAT32 is it can only create and format drives/partitions at sizes up to 32GB, anything larger needs NTFS or exFAT. I have a 500GB HDD on the shelf formatted as FAT32 but done in Linux using the added GPARTED program. There was an article recently on MSN News widget about how the FAT32 programming thing hasn't been changed in Windows for a few/several decades.
Don't know why this link is not in English but it works.
.bing.com/news/search?q=Windows+Format+Dialog&eventans=1&eventland=0&eventrel=1&qpvt=Windows+format+dialog&FORM=EW
This is not relevant to creatinging a wintogousb drive.
 

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    Windows 10 Pro + others in VHDs
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    ASUS Vivobook 14
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    I7
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    Yep, Laptop has one.
    Memory
    16 GB
    Graphics Card(s)
    Integrated Intel Iris XE
    Sound Card
    Realtek built in
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    1920x1080
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    1 TB Optane NVME SSD, 1 TB NVME SSD
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    Yep, got one
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    Yep, got one
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    Built in
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Another utility that can format larger partitions as Fat32 is the commonplace MiniToolPartitionWizard.
Windows is quite happy to work with larger Fat32 partitions, it just cannot format them itself.


Denis
This is not relevant to creating a wintogo usb drive.
 

My Computer

System One

  • OS
    Windows 10 Pro + others in VHDs
    Computer type
    Laptop
    Manufacturer/Model
    ASUS Vivobook 14
    CPU
    I7
    Motherboard
    Yep, Laptop has one.
    Memory
    16 GB
    Graphics Card(s)
    Integrated Intel Iris XE
    Sound Card
    Realtek built in
    Monitor(s) Displays
    N/A
    Screen Resolution
    1920x1080
    Hard Drives
    1 TB Optane NVME SSD, 1 TB NVME SSD
    PSU
    Yep, got one
    Case
    Yep, got one
    Cooling
    Stella Artois
    Keyboard
    Built in
    Mouse
    Bluetooth , wired
    Internet Speed
    72 Mb/s :-(
    Browser
    Edge mostly
    Antivirus
    Defender
    Other Info
    TPM 2.0

My Computer

System One

  • OS
    Windows 10 Pro + others in VHDs
    Computer type
    Laptop
    Manufacturer/Model
    ASUS Vivobook 14
    CPU
    I7
    Motherboard
    Yep, Laptop has one.
    Memory
    16 GB
    Graphics Card(s)
    Integrated Intel Iris XE
    Sound Card
    Realtek built in
    Monitor(s) Displays
    N/A
    Screen Resolution
    1920x1080
    Hard Drives
    1 TB Optane NVME SSD, 1 TB NVME SSD
    PSU
    Yep, got one
    Case
    Yep, got one
    Cooling
    Stella Artois
    Keyboard
    Built in
    Mouse
    Bluetooth , wired
    Internet Speed
    72 Mb/s :-(
    Browser
    Edge mostly
    Antivirus
    Defender
    Other Info
    TPM 2.0
@user1010

2 Easy ways to create Win2GO -- forget Rufus or anything else and one possible alternative for an existing windows suystem.

create USB drive with Geometry EFI partition, dataarea1, dataarea2 etc -- each data area for the windows you want to install (you can have as many as will fit on your usb drive). To create the efi partition boot windows install disk, >repair system->command mode and convert usb disk to gpt. (diskpart, clean, convert gpt, list disk, select disk xx, create partition efi size=100, format fs=fat32, list vol, select vol xx assign letter=S
assign other partitions (note just standard ntfs partitions)

Then use dism /ApplyImage to install to dataarea1, dataarea2 etc -- use the correct image index to install the build you want
add the bootloader for each windows system to the efi partition and boot ---- plenty of examples in the forums for detailed commands on how to do this.

The other way is simply to image a VM to a USB drive

Another possible solution is to image a standard Windows installation to a USB drive, add the regkey PortableOperatingSystem (set it to 1 as well) and re-apply the bootloader via bcdboot. regkey is in : If it doesn't exist create it. This method might not work all the time though. the other ways do.

(HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control)

Cheers
jimbo
 
Last edited:

My Computer

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    2 X Intel i7
This is not relevant to creatinging a wintogousb drive.
But it can be relevant to choosing the size of drive to use and many volunteers know about FAT32 but we don't know the level of experience of other posters and learning is part of it. The news item was just gratis.
 

My Computers

System One System Two

  • OS
    Win11 Pro RTM
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    Dell Vostro 3400
    CPU
    Intel Core i5 11th Gen. 2.40GHz
    Memory
    12GB
    Hard Drives
    256GB SSD NVMe
  • Operating System
    Windows 11 Pro RTM x64
    Computer type
    PC/Desktop
    Manufacturer/Model
    Dell Vostro 5890
    CPU
    Intel Core i5 10th Gen. 2.90GHz
    Memory
    16GB
    Graphics card(s)
    Onboard, no VGA, using a DisplayPort-to-VGA adapter
    Monitor(s) Displays
    24" Dell
    Hard Drives
    512GB SSD NVMe, 2TB WDC HDD
    Browser
    Firefox, Edge
    Antivirus
    Windows Defender/Microsoft Security
But it can be relevant to choosing the size of drive to use and many volunteers know about FAT32 but we don't know the level of experience of other posters and learning is part of it. The news item was just gratis.
Seems @cereberus at the moment --in spite of loads of his great advice is perhaps becoming in the words of an old 1960's famous UK actor -- "A grumpy old man".

Windows has problems -- but even though I have to admit it as a real dedicated Linux user -- has any other OS got so many different pieces of hardware and diverse applications to run on basically the same OS.

I agree a lot with the fact that the whole insider program is totally hosed up and most advice from M/s is just plain Bovine Scatology but if you avoid rubbish sites like Reddit and Quora you should be able to get sensible answers to most problems -- even without resorting to "A.I".

Interesting history on UK theatre in 1960's -- John Osborne -brilliant -- worth a dabble into research -- those old things seem so much better and influential than modern social media stuff even if the whole social setup in those days was a load of "Brit Upper Class Wallah's with plum accents".


Cheers
jimbo
 

My Computer

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    Windows XP,7,10,11 Linux Arch Linux
    Computer type
    PC/Desktop
    CPU
    2 X Intel i7
@user1010

2 Easy ways to create Win2GO -- forget Rufus or anything else and one possible alternative for an existing windows suystem.

create USB drive with Geometry EFI partition, dataarea1, dataarea2 etc -- each data area for the windows you want to install (you can have as many as will fit on your usb drive). To create the efi partition boot windows install disk, >repair system->command mode and convert usb disk to gpt. (diskpart, clean, convert gpt, list disk, select disk xx, create partition efi size=100, format fs=fat32, list vol, select vol xx assign letter=S
assign other partitions (note just standard ntfs partitions)

Then use dism /ApplyImage to install to dataarea1, dataarea2 etc -- use the correct image index to install the build you want
add the bootloader for each windows system to the efi partition and boot ---- plenty of examples in the forums for detailed commands on how to do this.

The other way is simply to image a VM to a USB drive

Another possible solution is to image a standard Windows installation to a USB drive, add the regkey PortableOperatingSystem (set it to 1 as well) and re-apply the bootloader via bcdboot. regkey is in : If it doesn't exist create it. This method might not work all the time though. the other ways do.

(HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control)

Cheers
jimbo
plenty of examples in the forums for detailed commands on how to do this.

Please post link to any guide :)
 

My Computer

System One

  • OS
    Windows 11
    Computer type
    PC/Desktop
    Manufacturer/Model
    Asus

My Computers

System One System Two

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    Windows 11 Pro 23H2 Build: 22631.3593
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    Sin-built
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    Intel(R) Core(TM) i7-4770K CPU @ 3.50GHz (4th Gen?)
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    ASUS ROG Maximus VI Formula
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    32.0 GB of I forget and the box is in storage.
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    Windows 11 Pro 22621.2215
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    LENOVO Yoga 7i EVO OLED 14" Touchscreen i5 12 Core 16GB/512GB
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    Intel Core 12th Gen i5-1240P Processor (1.7 - 4.4GHz)
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    16GB LPDDR5 RAM
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    …still on a horse.
I don’t see where the OP says anything about anything other than wanting to create a WinToGo USB. Rufus can accommodate creating a Windows To Go USB. Perhaps the OP could be clearer.
 

My Computers

System One System Two

  • OS
    Windows 11 Pro 23H2 Build: 22631.3593
    Computer type
    PC/Desktop
    Manufacturer/Model
    Sin-built
    CPU
    Intel(R) Core(TM) i7-4770K CPU @ 3.50GHz (4th Gen?)
    Motherboard
    ASUS ROG Maximus VI Formula
    Memory
    32.0 GB of I forget and the box is in storage.
    Graphics Card(s)
    Gigabyte nVidia GeForce GTX 1660 Super OC 6GB
    Sound Card
    Onboard
    Monitor(s) Displays
    4 x LG 23MP75 1 x 24" LG M38H 1 x 32" LF6300 TV Monitor 1 x Wacom Pro 22" Tablet
    Screen Resolution
    All over the place
    Hard Drives
    2 x WD something Something 8TB HDD's / 2 x WD something Something 4TB HDD's / 1 x EVO 1TB SSD / 2 x QVO 1TB SSD's / 1 x EVO 250 GB SSD / 2 x QVO 1TB (External Hub) / 1 x EVO 1TB (Portable Backup Case)
    PSU
    Silverstone 1500
    Case
    NZXT Phantom 820 Full-Tower Case
    Cooling
    Noctua NH-D15 Elite Class Dual Tower CPU Cooler / 6 x EziDIY 120mm / 2 x Corsair 140mm somethings / 1 x 140mm Thermaltake something / 2 x 200mm Corsair.
    Keyboard
    Corsair K95 / Logitech diNovo Edge Wireless
    Mouse
    Logitech G402 / G502 / Mx Masters / MX Air Cordless
    Internet Speed
    100/40Mbps
    Browser
    All sorts
    Antivirus
    Kaspersky Premium
    Other Info
    I’m on a horse.
  • Operating System
    Windows 11 Pro 22621.2215
    Computer type
    Laptop
    Manufacturer/Model
    LENOVO Yoga 7i EVO OLED 14" Touchscreen i5 12 Core 16GB/512GB
    CPU
    Intel Core 12th Gen i5-1240P Processor (1.7 - 4.4GHz)
    Memory
    16GB LPDDR5 RAM
    Graphics card(s)
    Graphics processor is an Intel Iris Xe
    Sound Card
    optimized with Dolby Atmos®
    Screen Resolution
    QHD 2880 x 1800 OLED
    Hard Drives
    M.2 512GB
    Other Info
    …still on a horse.
I don’t see where the OP says anything about anything other than wanting to create a WinToGo USB. Rufus can accommodate creating a Windows To Go USB. Perhaps the OP could be clearer.
I am wondering if you create a custom iso of existing installation (see @Kari tenforums tutorial) of rufus would install that. An experiment to report to VIPs at meeting tonight with luck.
 

My Computer

System One

  • OS
    Windows 10 Pro + others in VHDs
    Computer type
    Laptop
    Manufacturer/Model
    ASUS Vivobook 14
    CPU
    I7
    Motherboard
    Yep, Laptop has one.
    Memory
    16 GB
    Graphics Card(s)
    Integrated Intel Iris XE
    Sound Card
    Realtek built in
    Monitor(s) Displays
    N/A
    Screen Resolution
    1920x1080
    Hard Drives
    1 TB Optane NVME SSD, 1 TB NVME SSD
    PSU
    Yep, got one
    Case
    Yep, got one
    Cooling
    Stella Artois
    Keyboard
    Built in
    Mouse
    Bluetooth , wired
    Internet Speed
    72 Mb/s :-(
    Browser
    Edge mostly
    Antivirus
    Defender
    Other Info
    TPM 2.0
I am wondering if you create a custom iso of existing installation (see @Kari tenforums tutorial) of rufus would install that. An experiment to report to VIPs at meeting tonight with luck.
That might be interesting -- however I'm running an update which is working by setting the PortableOperatingSystem to '0' and after a reboot running the setip.exe from WITHIN the appropriate windows install (in this case the latest DEV) and it's updating nicely -- if you don't update the PortableOperatingSystem reg key you'll get a message - Cannot install to an external USB.

I cloned an existing copy of a running Windows (was earlier build of DEV) to the external device via Macrium. created the bootloader via bcdboot.exe - updated the reg key to '0' and then ran the stup to update the existing build -- Success.

This IMO seems a bit simpler rather than creating a special install WIM.

I've actually got 4 different Windows systems on the external device

Often more than 1 way to solve the problem -- however for an existing Windows system you want to copy to a Windows2Go system and then update to a newer build - I think I'd prefer my way of doing it. Macrium Free still works for those who don't have it and is still on that majorgeeks website.

Cheers
jimbo
 

My Computer

System One

  • OS
    Windows XP,7,10,11 Linux Arch Linux
    Computer type
    PC/Desktop
    CPU
    2 X Intel i7
That might be interesting -- however I'm running an update which is working by setting the PortableOperatingSystem to '0' and after a reboot running the setip.exe from WITHIN the appropriate windows install (in this case the latest DEV) and it's updating nicely -- if you don't update the PortableOperatingSystem reg key you'll get a message - Cannot install to an external USB.

I cloned an existing copy of a running Windows (was earlier build of DEV) to the external device via Macrium. created the bootloader via bcdboot.exe - updated the reg key to '0' and then ran the stup to update the existing build -- Success.

This IMO seems a bit simpler rather than creating a special install WIM.

I've actually got 4 different Windows systems on the external device

Often more than 1 way to solve the problem -- however for an existing Windows system you want to copy to a Windows2Go system and then update to a newer build - I think I'd prefer my way of doing it. Macrium Free still works for those who don't have it and is still on that majorgeeks website.

Cheers
jimbo
I love the way you go from London to Paris is via Aberdeen Oslo, Berlin.

All your convoluted solutions are easy for you but you only ever describe key steps and most would be lost very quickly

Why not prepare a proper tutorial?q
 

My Computer

System One

  • OS
    Windows 10 Pro + others in VHDs
    Computer type
    Laptop
    Manufacturer/Model
    ASUS Vivobook 14
    CPU
    I7
    Motherboard
    Yep, Laptop has one.
    Memory
    16 GB
    Graphics Card(s)
    Integrated Intel Iris XE
    Sound Card
    Realtek built in
    Monitor(s) Displays
    N/A
    Screen Resolution
    1920x1080
    Hard Drives
    1 TB Optane NVME SSD, 1 TB NVME SSD
    PSU
    Yep, got one
    Case
    Yep, got one
    Cooling
    Stella Artois
    Keyboard
    Built in
    Mouse
    Bluetooth , wired
    Internet Speed
    72 Mb/s :-(
    Browser
    Edge mostly
    Antivirus
    Defender
    Other Info
    TPM 2.0
Try tiny 11
 

My Computer

System One

  • OS
    Tiny 11 23H2 x64
    Computer type
    PC/Desktop
    Manufacturer/Model
    AMD
    CPU
    Ryzen 5 3600 6-core processor
    Keyboard
    Logitech g512
    Browser
    Opera gx
I love the way you go from London to Paris is via Aberdeen Oslo, Berlin.

All your convoluted solutions are easy for you but you only ever describe key steps and most would be lost very quickly

Why not prepare a proper tutorial?q
Will have a go

Anyway here's the END result -- device is an external 1TB NVME SSD type in a USBC adapter so fast enough.

1) the OS'es

Screenshot 2024-04-06 110441.png


2) the Current version after update

Screenshot 2024-04-06 110156.png


The other installations are still on the previous version.

E.G

Skjámynd 2024-04-06 112113.png

The Registry key - after update it gets set back to "1" again by Windows

Screenshot 2024-04-06 110022.png

I'll try and detail it later

All you need is a basic free macrium system (to image an existing install) -- other imaging programs might work but I'm only putting down here what I used. Plus a Windows install iso (if not a member of insider -- uupdump is a good source of latest iso - and a running booted Windows install system on an INTERNAL device.

Off for an early Lunch and beer -- want to watch this afternoon's Snooker semi final later but I'll describe the steps in simple words ASAP. No need for Hasleo or other 3rd party convoluted and paid for apps.


Added :

Here's the update starting for another OS on the WintoGO drive -- after the reg edit.

Skjámynd 2024-04-06 115315.png

Cheers
jimbo
 
Last edited:

My Computer

System One

  • OS
    Windows XP,7,10,11 Linux Arch Linux
    Computer type
    PC/Desktop
    CPU
    2 X Intel i7
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