Installation and Upgrade Create Windows 11 Bootable USB Installation Media

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Win11USB Banner.png

You can use a Windows 11 installation USB flash drive to clean install, upgrade, reset, or repair Windows 11.

The installation USB can also be used as a recovery drive to boot to WinRE (aka: advanced startup).

This tutorial will show you how to create a bootable USB flash drive used to install Windows 11 with UEFI support.


You must be signed in as an administrator to create a bootable Windows 11 installation USB.

The USB flash drive needs to be at least 8 GB or larger in size.

A Windows 11 ISO file is required to create the bootable Windows 11 installation USB.



Contents

  • Option One: Create Windows 11 Bootable USB Installation Media with Media Creation Tool
  • Option Two: Create Windows 11 Bootable USB Installation Media with Rufus
  • Option Three: Create Windows 11 Bootable USB Installation Media in Command Prompt





OPTION ONE

Create Windows 11 Bootable USB Installation Media with Media Creation Tool


1 Click/tap on the Download button below, and click/tap on the Download now button at Microsoft's site for Create Windows 11 Installation media. (see screenshot below)


Windows_11_MCT-1.png

2 Save the MediaCreationToolW11.exe file to your desktop, and run it.

Windows_11_MCT-2.png

3 If prompted by UAC, click/tap on Yes.

4 Click/tap on Accept for the license terms. (see screenshot below)

Windows_11_MCT-3.png

5 Uncheck the Use the recommended options for this PC box. (see screenshot below)

Leaving the Use the recommended options for this PC box checked will have the Media Creation Tool download an ISO that's the same language, edition, and architecture as the current PC.


Windows_11_MCT-4.png

6 Select (dot) USB flash drive, and click/tap on Next. (see screenshot below)

Windows_11_MCT-5.png

7 Connect your USB flash drive, click/tap on the Refresh drive list link, select the USB flash drive, and click/tap on Next. (see screenshot below)

Windows_11_MCT-6.png

8 It will now start Downloading Windows 11 and Creating Windows 11 media. (see screenshot below)

Windows_11_MCT-7.png

9 Click/tap on Finish when the USB flash drive is ready. (see screenshot below)

Windows_11_MCT-8.png





OPTION TWO

Create Windows 11 Bootable USB Installation Media with Rufus


1 If you have not already, you will need to download a Windows 11 ISO file.

2 Download the latest version of Rufus, and save its .exe file to your desktop.


This is a standalone exe file that doesn't install anything to your PC. For Rufus FAQs, see: rufus FAQ on GitHub


3 Connect the 8 GB or larger USB flash drive.

This USB flash drive will be formatted and lose all data on it.


4 Run the Rufus .exe file, and click/tap on Yes if prompted by UAC.

5 Change the following settings in Rufus, and click/tap on Start when finished. (see screenshot below)
  • Under Device, select the USB flash drive you want to format and use.
  • Under Boot selection, click/tap on the SELECT button, and navigate to and select the Windows 11 ISO file.
  • Under Image option (if available), select Standard Windows installation.
  • Under Partition scheme, select GPT.
  • Under Target system, select UEFI (non CSM).
  • Under Volume label, you can enter any name you like for the USB flash drive, or leave the default name.
  • Under File system, select NTFS.
  • Under Cluster size, select the (Default) (ex: 4096 bytes) it has listed.
Rufus-1.png

6 Click/tap on OK to confirm. (see screenshot below)

Rufus-2.png

7 Rufus will now start creating the bootable USB flash drive. (see screenshot below)

Rufus-3.png

8 When Rufus has finished creating the USB, click/tap on Close for the "Important notice about Secure Boot". (see screenshot below)

Rufus-4.png

9 Click/tap on Close to close Rufus. (see screenshot below)

Rufus-5.png





OPTION THREE

Create Windows 11 Bootable USB Installation Media in Command Prompt


This option will use the dual FAT32 and NTFS partitions on the USB since the install.wim file for Windows 11 is usually over 4GB in size that prevents using only the FAT32 file system.


1 If you have not already, you will need to download a Windows 11 ISO file.

2 Connect the 8 GB or larger USB flash drive.

This USB flash drive will be formatted and lose all data on it.


3 Open an elevated Windows Terminal, and select Windows PowerShell or Command Prompt.

4 Type diskpart into the elevated terminal, and press Enter. (see screenshot below step 18)

5 Type list disk into the elevated terminal, press Enter, and make note of the Disk # (ex: 3) for the USB flash drive from step 2.

6 Type select disk # into the elevated terminal, and press Enter.

Substitute # in the command above with the actual Disk # (ex: 3) from step 5) above for the USB flash drive.

For example: select disk 3


7 Type clean into the elevated terminal, and press Enter.

8 Type convert mbr into the elevated terminal, and press Enter.

9 Type create partition primary size=1024 into the elevated terminal, and press Enter.

10 Type create partition primary into the elevated terminal, and press Enter.

11 Type select partition 1 into the elevated terminal, and press Enter.

12 Type format fs=fat32 quick into the elevated terminal, and press Enter.

13 Type assign letter=X into the elevated terminal, and press Enter.

14 Type active into the elevated terminal and press Enter.

15 Type select partition 2 into the elevated terminal, and press Enter.

16 Type format fs=ntfs quick into the elevated terminal, and press Enter.

17 Type assign letter=Y into the elevated terminal, and press Enter.

18 You can now close the elevated Windows terminal.

diskpart.png

19 Open File Explorer (Win+E) to This PC. You will see the USB has two partitions. Partition "X" with FAT32 file system, and partition "Y" with NTFS file system. (see screenshot below)

File_Explorer_USB.png

20 Mount the ISO file from step 1.

21 Perform the following steps to copy the mounted ISO contents to the USB X: (FAT32) partition:
  1. Click/tap on the mounted ISO in the navigation pane of File Explorer to open it.
  2. Select everything except the sources folder in the mounted ISO.
  3. Right click or press and hold on the selected files.
  4. Click/tap on Show more options (Shift+F10).
Copy-1.png

22 Click/tap on Send to, and click/tap on the USB Drive (X: ). (see screenshot below)

Copy-2.png

23 Perform the following steps to copy the "sources" folder from the mounted ISO to the USB Y: (NTFS) partition:
  1. Click/tap on the mounted ISO in the navigation pane of File Explorer to open it.
  2. Select only the sources folder in the mounted ISO.
  3. Right click or press and hold on the selected sources folder.
  4. Click/tap on Show more options (Shift+F10).
Copy-3.png

24 Click/tap on Send to, and click/tap on the USB Drive (Y: ). (see screenshot below)

It may take a while to finish copying the sources folder to the USB Y: (NTFS) partition.


Copy-4.png

25 Open the USB X: (FAT32) partition, and create a new folder (Ctrl+Shift+N) named sources. (see screenshots below)

sources-1.png
sources-2.png

26 Open the Y:\sources folder from the USB Y: (NTFS) partition, and Cut (Win+X) the boot.wim file. (see screenshots below)

move_boot.wim-1.png
move_boot.wim-2.png

27 Paste (Ctrl+V) the boot.wim file from the USB Y: (NTFS) partition in step 24 into the new sources folder in the USB X: (FAT32) partition from step 23. (see screenshot below)

move_boot.wim-3.png

28 The Windows 11 bootable USB installation media is now ready.

29 You can unmount the ISO file.

30 You can now close all File Explorer windows.


That's it,
Shawn Brink
 

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cereberus

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A lot of pcs will not boot from an exFAT usb drive. I have just tested on both laptops and they will boot if fat32 not exFat.

This gives rise to the perennial issue of install.wim being greater than 4GB.
 

My Computer

System One

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    Windows 10 Pro + others in VHDs
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    ASUS Vivobook 14
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    Yep, Laptop has one.
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Brink

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A lot of pcs will not boot from an exFAT usb drive. I have just tested on both laptops and they will boot if fat32 not exFat.

This gives rise to the perennial issue of install.wim being greater than 4GB.

Are you able to boot from the USB using option 1 below?

 

My Computers

System One System Two

  • Operating System
    Windows 11 Pro for Workstations
    Computer type
    PC/Desktop
    Manufacturer/Model
    Custom self build
    CPU
    Intel i7-8700K 5 GHz
    Motherboard
    ASUS ROG Maximus XI Formula Z390
    Memory
    16 GB (8GBx2) G.SKILL TridentZ DDR4 3200 MHz
    Graphics Card(s)
    ASUS ROG-STRIX-GTX1080TI-O11G-GAMING
    Sound Card
    Integrated Digital Audio (S/PDIF)
    Monitor(s) Displays
    2 x Samsung Odyssey G75 27"
    Screen Resolution
    2560x1440
    Hard Drives
    1TB Samsung 980 PRO M.2,
    1TB Samsung 970 EVO Plus M.2,
    6TB WD Black WD6001FZWX
    8TB WD MyCloudEX2Ultra NAS
    PSU
    Seasonic Prime Titanium 850W
    Case
    Thermaltake Core P3 wall mounted
    Cooling
    Corsair Hydro H115i
    Keyboard
    Logitech wireless K800
    Mouse
    Logitech MX Master 3
    Internet Speed
    1 Gbps Download and 35 Mbps Upload
    Browser
    Google Chrome
    Antivirus
    Microsoft Defender and Malwarebytes Premium
    Other Info
    Logitech Z625 speaker system,
    Logitech BRIO 4K Pro webcam,
    HP Color LaserJet Pro MFP M477fdn,
    Linksys EA9500 router,
    Motorola MB8611 cable modem,
    APC SMART-UPS RT 1000 XL - SURT1000XLI,
    Galaxy S20 Ultra 5G phone
  • Operating System
    Windows 11 Pro for Workstations
    Computer type
    Laptop
    Manufacturer/Model
    HP Spectre x360 2in1
    CPU
    i7-1065G7 3.9 GHz
    Memory
    16 GB LPDDR4-3200
    Graphics card(s)
    Intel Iris Plus
    Sound Card
    Intel SST
    Monitor(s) Displays
    13.3" 4K UWVA AMOLED multitouch
    Screen Resolution
    3840 x 2160
    Hard Drives
    512 GB PCIe NVMe M.2 SSD
    Browser
    Google Chrome
    Antivirus
    Windows Defender and Malwarebytes Premium

Anibor_11

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A lot of pcs will not boot from an exFAT usb drive. I have just tested on both laptops and they will boot if fat32 not exFat.

This gives rise to the perennial issue of install.wim being greater than 4GB.
This particular perennial issue was solved some time ago. Create 2 partitions, one small FAT32 and one big NTFS, mount the ISO, copy all the files and folders in the ISO to the FAT32, *except* for the "sources" folder. Create manually a "sources" folder in the FAT32 partition, copy to it the boot.wim file from the sources folder in the ISO. Finally, copy all the contents of the ISO to the NTFS partition. That´s all.

The Rufus method doesn´t work with Secure Boot enabled.

And about the Option 2 above, it´s again the over-complicated procedure which is not needed. Little progress here.
 

My Computer

System One

  • Operating System
    Windows 10

Bree

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In the 'download a Windows 11 ISO file' tutorial linked to in Step 1, at Step 6 you will see 'Create an ISO with install.esd instead of install.wim' in the conversion options. Tick this box and you'll get an ISO with an install.esd that's smaller than the Fat32 4GB maximum file size, thus removing the need to take special steps to accommodate a 'too large' install.wim.

1627429835926.png


In fact, you can reduce the size even further by selecting only the edition(s) that you really need at the previous step. An ISO with only two editions, Pro and Home, and an install.esd can be small enough to fit on a 4GB Fat32 USB.

1627430374240.png
 

My Computers

System One System Two

  • Operating System
    Windows 11 Home
    Computer type
    Laptop
    Manufacturer/Model
    Acer Aspire 3 A315-23
    CPU
    AMD Athlon Silver 3050U
    Memory
    8GB
    Graphics Card(s)
    Radeon Graphics
    Monitor(s) Displays
    laptop screen
    Screen Resolution
    1366x768 native resolution, up to 2560x1440 with Radeon Virtual Super Resolution
    Hard Drives
    1TB HDD
    Browser
    Edge, Firefox
    Antivirus
    Defender
    Other Info
    fully 'Windows 11 ready' laptop. Windows 10 C: partition migrated from my old unsupported 'main machine' then upgraded to 11. A test migration ran Insider builds for 2 months. When 11 was released on 5th October it was re-imaged back to 10 and was offered the upgrade in Windows Update on 20th October.


    My SYSTEM THREE is a Dell Latitude 5410, i7-10610U, 32GB RAM, 512GB ssd, Windows 11 Pro.
  • Operating System
    Windows 11 Pro
    Computer type
    Laptop
    Manufacturer/Model
    Dell Lattitude E4310
    CPU
    i5 M 520
    Motherboard
    0T6M8G
    Memory
    4GB
    Screen Resolution
    1366x768
    Hard Drives
    500GB HDD
    Browser
    Firefox, Edge
    Antivirus
    Defender
    Other Info
    unsupported machine: Legacy bios, MBR, TPM 1.2, upgraded from W10 to W11 using W10/W11 hybrid install media workaround.


    My SYSTEM THREE is a Dell Latitude 5410, i7-10610U, 32GB RAM, 512GB ssd, Windows 11 Pro.

johnlgalt

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Yes, I made an AIO with every edition using ESD for each version we've been given. install.esd has always been < 4 GB thus far.
 

My Computers

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  • Operating System
    Windows 10 Pro X64
    Computer type
    PC/Desktop
    Manufacturer/Model
    HomeBrew
    CPU
    AMD Ryzen 9 3950X
    Motherboard
    MSI MEG X570 GODLIKE
    Memory
    4 * Corsair Vengeance 32 GB 3600 MHz
    Graphics Card(s)
    eVGA GeForce GTX 970 SSC ACX 2.0 (04G-P4-3979-KB)
    Sound Card
    Realtek® ALC1220 Codec
    Monitor(s) Displays
    2 * Lenovo LT2323pwA Widescreeen
    Screen Resolution
    2* 1920*1080
    Hard Drives
    3x Sabrent Rocket PCIe Gen4 NVMe M.2 1 TB SSD (SB-ROCKET-NVMe4-1TB)
    SanDisk Ultra SDSSDHII-960G-G25 960 GB SATA III SSD
    Crucial MX100 CT256MX100SSD1 256GB SATA III SSD
    2 * Seagate Barracuda 7200.12 ST31000528AS 1TB 7200 RPM --> RAID1
    PSU
    PC Power & Cooling’s Silencer Series 1050 Watt, 80 Plus Platinum
    Case
    Fractal Design Define 7 XL Dark ATX Full Tower Case
  • Operating System
    Windows 10 x64 Pro build 21H1
    Computer type
    Laptop
    Manufacturer/Model
    Dell Latitude E5470
    CPU
    Intel(R) Core(TM) i5-6300U CPU @ 2.40GHz, 2501 Mhz, 2 Core(s), 4 Logical Processor(s)
    Motherboard
    Dell
    Memory
    16 GB
    Graphics card(s)
    Intel(R) HD Graphics 520
    Sound Card
    Intel(R) HD Graphics 520 + RealTek Audio
    Monitor(s) Displays
    Dell laptop display 15"
    Screen Resolution
    1920 * 1080
    Hard Drives
    Toshiba 128GB M.2 22300 drive
    INTEL Cherryvill 520 Series SSDSC2CW180A 180 GB SATA III SSD
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    Antivirus
    Defender + MB4

abactuon

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PowerShell - Create a USB Drive for Windows Installation


Change

Get-Disk | Where BusType -eq "USB"

to

Get-Disk | Where BusType -eq "USB" | Format-Table -AutoSize FriendlyName,Number,Size,PartitionStyle

P.S.
Windows11_InsiderPreview_Client_x64_en-us_22000.iso
install.wim over 4 GB.

$WIM = ($ISODriveLetter +":\sources\install.wim")

if ((Get-Item "$WIM").length -gt 4gb) {
Copy-Item -Path ($ISODriveLetter +":\*") -Destination ($Volume.DriveLetter + ":\") -Recurse -Exclude install.wim
Copy-Item -Path $WIM -Destination "$env:TEMP\install.wim"
Set-ItemProperty -Path "$env:TEMP\install.wim" -Name IsReadOnly -Value $false | Out-Null
Split-WindowsImage -FileSize 1000 -ImagePath "$env:TEMP\install.wim" -SplitImagePath "$env:TEMP\install.swm" | Out-Null
Copy-Item -Path ("$env:TEMP\*.swm") -Destination ($Volume.DriveLetter + ":\sources\")

}
else {
# Copy Files to USB
Copy-Item -Path ($ISODriveLetter +":\*") -Destination ($Volume.DriveLetter + ":\") -Recurse
}
 
Last edited:

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    Motherboard
    MSI MS-16W1
    Memory
    2 x Kingston KHX2666C15S4/16G
    Graphics Card(s)
    GeForce GTX 1660 Ti
    Sound Card
    Intel Cannon Lake-H/S - cAVS
    Monitor(s) Displays
    AU Optronics B156HAN13.0
    Screen Resolution
    1920 x 1080
    Hard Drives
    1. Noname 128GB SSD
    2. SAMSUNG MZVLB512HAJQ
    PSU
    180W
    Mouse
    HP USB Fingerprint Mouse
    Internet Speed
    50 Mbps
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    Firefox

cereberus

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This particular perennial issue was solved some time ago. Create 2 partitions, one small FAT32 and one big NTFS, mount the ISO, copy all the files and folders in the ISO to the FAT32, *except* for the "sources" folder. Create manually a "sources" folder in the FAT32 partition, copy to it the boot.wim file from the sources folder in the ISO. Finally, copy all the contents of the ISO to the NTFS partition. That´s all.

The Rufus method doesn´t work with Secure Boot enabled.

And about the Option 2 above, it´s again the over-complicated procedure which is not needed. Little progress here.
I know - I wrote the tutorial in tenforums with a diskpart script to do the job LOL.

I never use rufus. The diskpart method is just as quick and works without changing secure boot.

I never bother convertin .wim to .esd as that takes far longer than running the script in my tutorial.
 

My Computer

System One

  • Operating System
    Windows 10 Pro + others in VHDs
    Computer type
    Laptop
    Manufacturer/Model
    ASUS Vivobook 14
    CPU
    I7
    Motherboard
    Yep, Laptop has one.
    Memory
    16 GB
    Graphics Card(s)
    Integrated Intel Iris XE
    Sound Card
    Realtek built in
    Monitor(s) Displays
    N/A
    Screen Resolution
    1920x1080
    Hard Drives
    1 TB Optane NVME SSD, 1 TB NVME SSD
    PSU
    Yep, got one
    Case
    Yep, got one
    Cooling
    Stella Artois
    Keyboard
    Built in
    Mouse
    Bluetooth , wired
    Internet Speed
    72 Mb/s :-(
    Browser
    Edge mostly
    Antivirus
    Defender
    Other Info
    TPM 2.0

cereberus

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Are you able to boot from the USB using option 1 below?

Nope - if exFAT no, but using Fat32 yes. My bios does not see usb (with windows installer on it) if exFat formatted, but does if fat32 formatted.

Tested my method in Win 10 tutorial and it works fine.

Code:
echo on
REM =========================================================================================
REM ======BIG WARNING - FIRST TWO PARAMETERS MUST BE CONFIGURED CORRECTLY ===================
REM =========================================================================================

REM SET DRIVE NUMBER OF MOUNTED USB DRIVE - WARNING THIS MUST BE CORRECT.
REM IT IS USUALLY LAST ONE IN DRIVE NUMBER LIST
REM VERY BIG WARNING - IF  YOU CHOOSE WRONG DRIVE YOU WILL WIPE IT!!!
REM SET TO 99 INITIALLY TO PREVENT RISK OF ACCIDENTAL DELETION
set USBDRIVE=99

REM  SET DRIVE LETTER OF MOUNTED DRIVE - IF DRIVE LETTER IS WRONG, BATCH WILL NOT WORK.
set ISODRIVE=I

REM =========================================================================================
REM ================== ALL OTHER PARAMETERS CAN NOMRALLY BE LEFT ALONE ======================
REM ============== ONLY CHANGE DRIVE LETTERS IF NEEDED E.G. USED ELSEWHERE ==================
REM =========================================================================================

REM SET DRIVE OF TEMPORARY FILES
set USBTDRV=C


REM SET DRIVE LETTER OF FAT32 PARTITION
set FAT32=Q

REM SET DRIVE LETTER OF EXFAT PARTITION
set EXFAT=R

REM CREATE WORKING DIRECTORY
%USBTDRV%:
cd\
rd usbcreate /s /q
md usbcreate
pause

REM LIST DISKS AND CHECK USB DRIVE NUMBER IS SET
echo LIST DISK > %USBTDRV%:\usbcreate\listdisk.txt
CLS
diskpart /s %USBTDRV%:\usbcreate\listdisk.txt
IF %USBDRIVE%==99 goto :NOTSET
pause
GOTO :CONT1
:NOTSET
echo off
echo.
echo XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
echo X                                                            X
echo X YOU HAVE NOT SET DRIVE NUMBER OF USB DRIVE                 X
echo X IT IS USUALLY LAST ONE IN THE ABOVE LIST BUT CAN DIFFER    X
echo X                                                            X
echo X MAKE SURE USB DRIVE IS PLUGGED IN                          X
echo X                                                            X
echo X WARNING - MAKE SURE DRIVE NUMBER IS RIGHT                  X
echo X OR ELSE YOU COULD WIPE WRONG DRIVE                         X
echo X                                                            X
echo X I ACCEPT NO RESPONSIBILITY FOR ANY MISTAKES                X
echo X YOU HAVE BEEN WARNED!!!!!                                  X
echo X                                                            X
echo XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
PAUSE
GOTO :ENDPROG
:CONT1

REM CREATE EI.CFG
echo [CHANNEL] > %USBTDRV%:\usbcreate\ei.cfg
echo Retail >> %USBTDRV%:\usbcreate\ei.cfg

REM FORMAT USB DRIVE
echo select disk %USBDRIVE% > %USBTDRV%:\usbcreate\formatdisk.txt
echo clean >> %USBTDRV%:\usbcreate\formatdisk.txt
echo convert mbr >> %USBTDRV%:\usbcreate\formatdisk.txt
echo create partition primary size=2000 >> %USBTDRV%:\usbcreate\formatdisk.txt
echo create partition primary >> %USBTDRV%:\usbcreate\formatdisk.txt
echo select partition 1 >> %USBTDRV%:\usbcreate\formatdisk.txt
echo format fs=fat32 quick >> %USBTDRV%:\usbcreate\formatdisk.txt
echo assign letter=Q >> %USBTDRV%:\usbcreate\formatdisk.txt
echo active >> %USBTDRV%:\usbcreate\formatdisk.txt
echo select partition 2 >> %USBTDRV%:\usbcreate\formatdisk.txt
echo format fs=exFat quick >> %USBTDRV%:\usbcreate\formatdisk.txt
echo assign letter=R >> %USBTDRV%:\usbcreate\formatdisk.txt
echo exit >> %USBTDRV%:\usbcreate\formatdisk.txt
diskpart /s %USBTDRV%:\usbcreate\formatdisk.txt
pause
REM CREATE DRIVE
cd \usbcreate
md baseiso
xcopy %ISODRIVE%:\*.* %USBTDRV%:\usbcreate\baseiso\ /s /y

REM COPY ALL FILES TO EXFAT FOLDER
label %EXFAT%:USB-EXFAT
%USBTDRV%:
cd \usbcreate\baseiso
xcopy *.* %EXFAT%:\ /s /y
xcopy %USBTDRV%:\usbcreate\ei.cfg %EXFAT%:\sources /s /y

REM COPY ALL FILES EXCEPT THOSE IN SOURCES FOLDER (DELETE FROM BASEISO)
label %FAT32%:USB-FAT32
del %USBTDRV%:\usbcreate\baseiso\sources\*.* /q
cd %USBTDRV%:\usbcreate\baseiso
rd sources /s /q

%USBTDRV%:
cd \usbcreate\baseiso
xcopy *.* %FAT32%:\ /s /y
cd %FAT32%:\
md sources
xcopy %EXFAT%:\sources\boot.wim %FAT32%:\sources\boot.* /s /y

REM DELETE WORKING DIRECTORY
%USBTDRV%:
cd\
rd usbcreate /s /q
:ENDPROG

pause
 

My Computer

System One

  • Operating System
    Windows 10 Pro + others in VHDs
    Computer type
    Laptop
    Manufacturer/Model
    ASUS Vivobook 14
    CPU
    I7
    Motherboard
    Yep, Laptop has one.
    Memory
    16 GB
    Graphics Card(s)
    Integrated Intel Iris XE
    Sound Card
    Realtek built in
    Monitor(s) Displays
    N/A
    Screen Resolution
    1920x1080
    Hard Drives
    1 TB Optane NVME SSD, 1 TB NVME SSD
    PSU
    Yep, got one
    Case
    Yep, got one
    Cooling
    Stella Artois
    Keyboard
    Built in
    Mouse
    Bluetooth , wired
    Internet Speed
    72 Mb/s :-(
    Browser
    Edge mostly
    Antivirus
    Defender
    Other Info
    TPM 2.0

johnlgalt

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I had the same problem on my old rig, BIOS only, trying to boot WIn10. It's why I went to making ESD in the first place. I had a couple of not so happy campers in terms of HP branded USB devices that were formatted using exFAT, but which crapped out when I tried making them FAT32.

Then I found out that bootable NTFS USB devices worked perfectly fine, though, so I reverted to using WIM based ISOs. Then I found Rufus and stopped worrying about it.

When I built the new rig, it has the power to make the ESD files at a pretty decent speed, so I'm back to ESD based ISOs again.
 

My Computers

System One System Two

  • Operating System
    Windows 10 Pro X64
    Computer type
    PC/Desktop
    Manufacturer/Model
    HomeBrew
    CPU
    AMD Ryzen 9 3950X
    Motherboard
    MSI MEG X570 GODLIKE
    Memory
    4 * Corsair Vengeance 32 GB 3600 MHz
    Graphics Card(s)
    eVGA GeForce GTX 970 SSC ACX 2.0 (04G-P4-3979-KB)
    Sound Card
    Realtek® ALC1220 Codec
    Monitor(s) Displays
    2 * Lenovo LT2323pwA Widescreeen
    Screen Resolution
    2* 1920*1080
    Hard Drives
    3x Sabrent Rocket PCIe Gen4 NVMe M.2 1 TB SSD (SB-ROCKET-NVMe4-1TB)
    SanDisk Ultra SDSSDHII-960G-G25 960 GB SATA III SSD
    Crucial MX100 CT256MX100SSD1 256GB SATA III SSD
    2 * Seagate Barracuda 7200.12 ST31000528AS 1TB 7200 RPM --> RAID1
    PSU
    PC Power & Cooling’s Silencer Series 1050 Watt, 80 Plus Platinum
    Case
    Fractal Design Define 7 XL Dark ATX Full Tower Case
  • Operating System
    Windows 10 x64 Pro build 21H1
    Computer type
    Laptop
    Manufacturer/Model
    Dell Latitude E5470
    CPU
    Intel(R) Core(TM) i5-6300U CPU @ 2.40GHz, 2501 Mhz, 2 Core(s), 4 Logical Processor(s)
    Motherboard
    Dell
    Memory
    16 GB
    Graphics card(s)
    Intel(R) HD Graphics 520
    Sound Card
    Intel(R) HD Graphics 520 + RealTek Audio
    Monitor(s) Displays
    Dell laptop display 15"
    Screen Resolution
    1920 * 1080
    Hard Drives
    Toshiba 128GB M.2 22300 drive
    INTEL Cherryvill 520 Series SSDSC2CW180A 180 GB SATA III SSD
    PSU
    Dell
    Case
    Dell
    Cooling
    Dell
    Mouse
    Logitech MX Master (shared) | Dell TouchPad
    Keyboard
    Dell
    Internet Speed
    AT&T LightSpeed Gigabit Duplex
    Browser
    Edge Chromium | Chrome | Firefox Nightly | Brave
    Antivirus
    Defender + MB4

cereberus

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I had the same problem on my old rig, BIOS only, trying to boot WIn10. It's why I went to making ESD in the first place. I had a couple of not so happy campers in terms of HP branded USB devices that were formatted using exFAT, but which crapped out when I tried making them FAT32.

Then I found out that bootable NTFS USB devices worked perfectly fine, though, so I reverted to using WIM based ISOs. Then I found Rufus and stopped worrying about it.

When I built the new rig, it has the power to make the ESD files at a pretty decent speed, so I'm back to ESD based ISOs again.
If pc can run legacy bios, booting from NTFS is ok.

My new laptop is UEFI only, and despite fact it is not an actual requirement to use FAT32, that is how it is implemented in most UEFI pcs. So @Brink needs to put a warning in tutorial the diskpart method may not work. The method I put code in works on all pcs.
 

My Computer

System One

  • Operating System
    Windows 10 Pro + others in VHDs
    Computer type
    Laptop
    Manufacturer/Model
    ASUS Vivobook 14
    CPU
    I7
    Motherboard
    Yep, Laptop has one.
    Memory
    16 GB
    Graphics Card(s)
    Integrated Intel Iris XE
    Sound Card
    Realtek built in
    Monitor(s) Displays
    N/A
    Screen Resolution
    1920x1080
    Hard Drives
    1 TB Optane NVME SSD, 1 TB NVME SSD
    PSU
    Yep, got one
    Case
    Yep, got one
    Cooling
    Stella Artois
    Keyboard
    Built in
    Mouse
    Bluetooth , wired
    Internet Speed
    72 Mb/s :-(
    Browser
    Edge mostly
    Antivirus
    Defender
    Other Info
    TPM 2.0

Brink

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Staff member
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1,424
Warning already added. ;)

Luckily, this is all temporary until Microsoft's MCT is available for W11.
 

My Computers

System One System Two

  • Operating System
    Windows 11 Pro for Workstations
    Computer type
    PC/Desktop
    Manufacturer/Model
    Custom self build
    CPU
    Intel i7-8700K 5 GHz
    Motherboard
    ASUS ROG Maximus XI Formula Z390
    Memory
    16 GB (8GBx2) G.SKILL TridentZ DDR4 3200 MHz
    Graphics Card(s)
    ASUS ROG-STRIX-GTX1080TI-O11G-GAMING
    Sound Card
    Integrated Digital Audio (S/PDIF)
    Monitor(s) Displays
    2 x Samsung Odyssey G75 27"
    Screen Resolution
    2560x1440
    Hard Drives
    1TB Samsung 980 PRO M.2,
    1TB Samsung 970 EVO Plus M.2,
    6TB WD Black WD6001FZWX
    8TB WD MyCloudEX2Ultra NAS
    PSU
    Seasonic Prime Titanium 850W
    Case
    Thermaltake Core P3 wall mounted
    Cooling
    Corsair Hydro H115i
    Keyboard
    Logitech wireless K800
    Mouse
    Logitech MX Master 3
    Internet Speed
    1 Gbps Download and 35 Mbps Upload
    Browser
    Google Chrome
    Antivirus
    Microsoft Defender and Malwarebytes Premium
    Other Info
    Logitech Z625 speaker system,
    Logitech BRIO 4K Pro webcam,
    HP Color LaserJet Pro MFP M477fdn,
    Linksys EA9500 router,
    Motorola MB8611 cable modem,
    APC SMART-UPS RT 1000 XL - SURT1000XLI,
    Galaxy S20 Ultra 5G phone
  • Operating System
    Windows 11 Pro for Workstations
    Computer type
    Laptop
    Manufacturer/Model
    HP Spectre x360 2in1
    CPU
    i7-1065G7 3.9 GHz
    Memory
    16 GB LPDDR4-3200
    Graphics card(s)
    Intel Iris Plus
    Sound Card
    Intel SST
    Monitor(s) Displays
    13.3" 4K UWVA AMOLED multitouch
    Screen Resolution
    3840 x 2160
    Hard Drives
    512 GB PCIe NVMe M.2 SSD
    Browser
    Google Chrome
    Antivirus
    Windows Defender and Malwarebytes Premium

cereberus

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Warning already added. ;)

Luckily, this is all temporary until Microsoft's MCT is available for W11.
Unfortunately, I have inject drivers as standard iso is missing a lot, and that takes size over 4GB. It is much faster to download complete iso rather than building one with MCT.

In the end, hardware manufacturers are to blane by imposing an artificial constraint.
 

My Computer

System One

  • Operating System
    Windows 10 Pro + others in VHDs
    Computer type
    Laptop
    Manufacturer/Model
    ASUS Vivobook 14
    CPU
    I7
    Motherboard
    Yep, Laptop has one.
    Memory
    16 GB
    Graphics Card(s)
    Integrated Intel Iris XE
    Sound Card
    Realtek built in
    Monitor(s) Displays
    N/A
    Screen Resolution
    1920x1080
    Hard Drives
    1 TB Optane NVME SSD, 1 TB NVME SSD
    PSU
    Yep, got one
    Case
    Yep, got one
    Cooling
    Stella Artois
    Keyboard
    Built in
    Mouse
    Bluetooth , wired
    Internet Speed
    72 Mb/s :-(
    Browser
    Edge mostly
    Antivirus
    Defender
    Other Info
    TPM 2.0

Brink

Administrator
Staff member
MVP
Thread Starter
Local time
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Posts
1,424
Option 2 in the tutorial updated to use the FAT32 and NTFS partitions on the bootable USB to work in all situations. :)
 

My Computers

System One System Two

  • Operating System
    Windows 11 Pro for Workstations
    Computer type
    PC/Desktop
    Manufacturer/Model
    Custom self build
    CPU
    Intel i7-8700K 5 GHz
    Motherboard
    ASUS ROG Maximus XI Formula Z390
    Memory
    16 GB (8GBx2) G.SKILL TridentZ DDR4 3200 MHz
    Graphics Card(s)
    ASUS ROG-STRIX-GTX1080TI-O11G-GAMING
    Sound Card
    Integrated Digital Audio (S/PDIF)
    Monitor(s) Displays
    2 x Samsung Odyssey G75 27"
    Screen Resolution
    2560x1440
    Hard Drives
    1TB Samsung 980 PRO M.2,
    1TB Samsung 970 EVO Plus M.2,
    6TB WD Black WD6001FZWX
    8TB WD MyCloudEX2Ultra NAS
    PSU
    Seasonic Prime Titanium 850W
    Case
    Thermaltake Core P3 wall mounted
    Cooling
    Corsair Hydro H115i
    Keyboard
    Logitech wireless K800
    Mouse
    Logitech MX Master 3
    Internet Speed
    1 Gbps Download and 35 Mbps Upload
    Browser
    Google Chrome
    Antivirus
    Microsoft Defender and Malwarebytes Premium
    Other Info
    Logitech Z625 speaker system,
    Logitech BRIO 4K Pro webcam,
    HP Color LaserJet Pro MFP M477fdn,
    Linksys EA9500 router,
    Motorola MB8611 cable modem,
    APC SMART-UPS RT 1000 XL - SURT1000XLI,
    Galaxy S20 Ultra 5G phone
  • Operating System
    Windows 11 Pro for Workstations
    Computer type
    Laptop
    Manufacturer/Model
    HP Spectre x360 2in1
    CPU
    i7-1065G7 3.9 GHz
    Memory
    16 GB LPDDR4-3200
    Graphics card(s)
    Intel Iris Plus
    Sound Card
    Intel SST
    Monitor(s) Displays
    13.3" 4K UWVA AMOLED multitouch
    Screen Resolution
    3840 x 2160
    Hard Drives
    512 GB PCIe NVMe M.2 SSD
    Browser
    Google Chrome
    Antivirus
    Windows Defender and Malwarebytes Premium

cereberus

Well-known member
Power User
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Option 2 in the tutorial updated to use the FAT32 and NTFS partitions on the bootable USB to work in all situations. :)
Nice update.

Actually, if you use exFat for the second partition, the usb drive can then be used by users to install Windows on Macs which can read exFat but not NTFS. The batch file I included in post #9 uses exFAT.
 

My Computer

System One

  • Operating System
    Windows 10 Pro + others in VHDs
    Computer type
    Laptop
    Manufacturer/Model
    ASUS Vivobook 14
    CPU
    I7
    Motherboard
    Yep, Laptop has one.
    Memory
    16 GB
    Graphics Card(s)
    Integrated Intel Iris XE
    Sound Card
    Realtek built in
    Monitor(s) Displays
    N/A
    Screen Resolution
    1920x1080
    Hard Drives
    1 TB Optane NVME SSD, 1 TB NVME SSD
    PSU
    Yep, got one
    Case
    Yep, got one
    Cooling
    Stella Artois
    Keyboard
    Built in
    Mouse
    Bluetooth , wired
    Internet Speed
    72 Mb/s :-(
    Browser
    Edge mostly
    Antivirus
    Defender
    Other Info
    TPM 2.0

Kol12

Member
VIP
Local time
1:14 AM
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75
Does Secure Boot need to be disabled (as Rufus stress) for Win 11?
 

My Computer

System One

  • Operating System
    Win 10 21H1
    Computer type
    PC/Desktop
    Manufacturer/Model
    Kol-ROG
    CPU
    Intel 10900K @ 5.1 Ghz
    Motherboard
    Asus ROG Maximus XIII Hero Z590
    Memory
    Corsair Dominator Platinum RGB 32GB (4x8) OC to 3866Mhz CL 16
    Graphics Card(s)
    Asus ROG Strix 3080 OC edition
    Sound Card
    SoundBlaster X-AE5
    Monitor(s) Displays
    Asus ROG PG349Q 34" 120hz Gysnc
    Screen Resolution
    3440x1440
    Hard Drives
    Samsung 850, 860 EVO's. Adata SX2000 Pro M.2. External RAID enclosure
    PSU
    Seasonic Prime Ultra 1300W Platinum
    Case
    Phanteks Eclipse P600S
    Cooling
    Custom water cooling. EK Velocity (CPU), EK Quantum Vector (GPU), EK Quantum D5 Pump, 360 + 280 mm rads, 3x120mm Corsair LL, 3x 140mm Corsair LL fans
    Keyboard
    Corsair K70 MK.2 SE
    Mouse
    Corsair Dark Core Pro Wireless

Superfly

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Does Secure Boot need to be disabled (as Rufus stress) for Win 11?
I don't use Rufus, but technically I wondered as well how installations with it work on Win11 - as it uses a SysLinux (i.e. non Secure boot compatible)partition with a NTFS driver to boot to get past the FAT32 4GB limitation with the setup files on a NTFS partition.
 

My Computer

System One

  • Operating System
    Windows

Kari

PhD in Malt Based Liquids
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Some myth busting: Even some distinguished IT pros and experts will tell you that you cannot boot from NTFS formatted install media. Please, believe me, it really is just a myth: nothing in the UEFI specifications prevents NTFS boot. Rather, the issue is that some manufacturers do not add the correct firmware drivers to their systems.

All modern UEFI based devices can be booted from NTFS formatted USB media, subject to firmware containing correct drivers. For instance, all recent HP, Lenovo, Surface and Dell UEFI devices have no issues in booting from a single partition, NTFS formatted USB flash drive. However, it’s important to note that NTFS boot requires Secure Boot be disabled in UEFI settings.


Kari
 

My Computers

System One System Two

  • Operating System
    Windows 11 PRO x64 Dev
    Manufacturer/Model
    Hyper-V Virtual Machine (host in System 2 specs)
    CPU
    Intel Core i7-8550U
    Memory
    6 GB
    Graphics Card(s)
    Microsoft Hyper-V Video
    Monitor(s) Displays
    Laptop display (17.1") & Samsung U28E590 (27.7")
  • Operating System
    Windows 11 PRO x64 Dev Channel
    Computer type
    Laptop
    Manufacturer/Model
    HP HP ProBook 470 G5
    CPU
    Intel Core i7-8550U
    Motherboard
    HP 837F KBC Version 02.3D.00
    Memory
    16 GB
    Graphics card(s)
    Intel(R) UHD Graphics 620 & NVIDIA GeForce 930MX
    Sound Card
    Conexant ISST Audio
    Monitor(s) Displays
    Laptop display (17.1") & Samsung U28E590 (27.7")
    Hard Drives
    128 GB SSD & 1 TB HDD
    Mouse
    Wireless Logitech MSX mouse
    Keyboard
    Wireless Logitech MK710 keyboard
    Internet Speed
    100 Mbps down, 20 Mbps up
    Browser
    Edge Chromium Dev Channel
    Antivirus
    Windows Defender
    Other Info
    2 * 3 TB USB HDD
    6 TB WD Mirror NAS

Superfly

Well-known member
Member
VIP
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2:14 PM
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247
Some myth busting: Even some distinguished IT pros and experts will tell you that you cannot boot from NTFS formatted install media. Please, believe me, it really is just a myth: nothing in the UEFI specifications prevents NTFS boot. Rather, the issue is that some manufacturers do not add the correct firmware drivers to their systems.

All modern UEFI based devices can be booted from NTFS formatted USB media, subject to firmware containing correct drivers. For instance, all recent HP, Lenovo, Surface and Dell UEFI devices have no issues in booting from a single partition, NTFS formatted USB flash drive. However, it’s important to note that NTFS boot requires Secure Boot be disabled in UEFI settings.


Kari
Thanx bud, interesting ;)
 

My Computer

System One

  • Operating System
    Windows

Kari

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Thanx bud, interesting ;)
It really is interesting to see how much false information is out there. If you look my specs (My Computers, System Two, link at bottom left in my posts), I always use an NTFS formatted, single partition USB for my clean installs / deployments on this laptop. My customized WIM files can be up to 15 - 18 GB, no problems to copy them to USB flash drive and boot from it.

Kari
 
Last edited:

My Computers

System One System Two

  • Operating System
    Windows 11 PRO x64 Dev
    Manufacturer/Model
    Hyper-V Virtual Machine (host in System 2 specs)
    CPU
    Intel Core i7-8550U
    Memory
    6 GB
    Graphics Card(s)
    Microsoft Hyper-V Video
    Monitor(s) Displays
    Laptop display (17.1") & Samsung U28E590 (27.7")
  • Operating System
    Windows 11 PRO x64 Dev Channel
    Computer type
    Laptop
    Manufacturer/Model
    HP HP ProBook 470 G5
    CPU
    Intel Core i7-8550U
    Motherboard
    HP 837F KBC Version 02.3D.00
    Memory
    16 GB
    Graphics card(s)
    Intel(R) UHD Graphics 620 & NVIDIA GeForce 930MX
    Sound Card
    Conexant ISST Audio
    Monitor(s) Displays
    Laptop display (17.1") & Samsung U28E590 (27.7")
    Hard Drives
    128 GB SSD & 1 TB HDD
    Mouse
    Wireless Logitech MSX mouse
    Keyboard
    Wireless Logitech MK710 keyboard
    Internet Speed
    100 Mbps down, 20 Mbps up
    Browser
    Edge Chromium Dev Channel
    Antivirus
    Windows Defender
    Other Info
    2 * 3 TB USB HDD
    6 TB WD Mirror NAS
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